Mentioned in the Tooth Extraction part of this website is the fact that the only way to reverse loss of alveolar tissue is by means of a dental implant. Dental implants are currently the best way to reverse the thinning of the gums and jawbone, as they basically act like an artificial tooth root. Dental implants are made of a surgical metal alloy and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. At our Hungarian dentistry in London we use primarily Noble line implants, because they have been on the market long enough to have been thoroughly tested, and are the most credible company in the field. Sometimes an entire artificial tooth - with crown, abutment and a dental implant - are referred to as an implant, but we call only the part of this trinity that goes below the gum line an implant, as technically that is the only part of this tripartite operation that is in fact implanted.
The process takes several visits. During the first visit you will have a consultation where different options will be looked at and a treatment plan will be written up. If you still have the tooth you wish replaced, you can get that extracted. After checking your oral condition, the dentist can come up with one of two situations. One is that you are ready for implantation, or will be once the extraction site has healed over. The second is that you do not have enough bone material, or gum, or are in need of a sinus lift. A bone graft is in order if you have low bone density or have had the tooth missing for some time. A gum graft is only in order if you are suffering from periodontal disease. A sinus lift needs to be performed if you have a tooth missing on your upper jaw for a long enough time for your sinus cavity to enlarge and become too close to your roots. All of these procedures are invasive surgeries, and should be treated as such. If the dentist determines one of these procedures is necessary, they may require additional healing time. If not, then upon your next visit you can get the implant inserted into your jaw. After this happens you will need to let the implantation site heal over, and then come back and get an uncovering and a healing screw. Once you have healed from this as well, you can get your abutment and then your crown put on, and your new tooth will be entirely ready for loading.
Sadly, certain conditions may also make it so that you are simply not eligible for an implant. Osteoporosis and other degenerative diseases of the bone tissue can make it entirely impossible for you to get a dental implant, even with a bone graft. If you are suffering from severe and/or acute periodontitis you may also not be eligible for a dental implant. If you are a severe haemophiliac, or have blood borne diseases or your blood has trouble clotting, you may not be eligible for a dental implant.
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